Plaque psoriasis is a common psoriasis that affects 90 percent of people, all over the world. This disease can attack persons from the age group of 16 and above. The plaque psoriasis is detected more with female gender that is affected at an early stage, than the male counterpart. The severity of this psoriasis initially is tackled with topical medicines. Later on depending on its acuteness and response to topical medicines, phototherapy or systemic agents’ administration may become necessary. This helps in curing the plaque psoriasis effectively.
When a person is affected with plaque psoriasis, the skin cells accelerates the growth and cells which are premature comes t the surface that form thick plaques. The itching, cracking of skins and pain may or may not be the cause or symptoms for plaque psoriasis. The plaque psoriasis is detected with their distinctive silver white emergence and the skin that is inflamed under has a reddish tinge. Moreover, the patient will feel a burning sensation when the plaques of affected skin area are touched with clothing.
Plaque psoriasis is also found to have hereditary links. On the other hand, it can also erupt when exposed to sunlight, excessive smoking, excessive alcohol intake and inherent immune conditions. This type of psoriasis can be severe, asymptomatic, mild and acute. The plaque psoriasis may recur again in a week’s time or a month or after a long period. Hence, adequate precaution and treatment is essential to prevent its recurrence.
The common symptoms and formation of plaque psoriasis with scaly skin are as follows:
The affected area of the skin is prominent to the eye. The affected areas are of different sizes and they are either isolated or severely spread out on the skin. The shape detected is oval in general, but can also be shapeless. At times, the small affected areas merge with each other to form a larger area. The affected areas near the joints, palms, or feet tend to crack and bleed. It can also take the shape of halo or ring shape. It is better to keep an eye on such developments.
The fissures of plaque psoriasis are cracks or splits on the skin. The fissure happens when the skin is put under pressure to bend near the elbows, knees and other such joint areas. At this juncture, the patient may experience bleeding due to splitting of the skin and thus becomes vulnerable to infection. The stain of the affected area is red in color similar to the Salmon fish, hence known as “Salmon-colored”. However, the affected area near the legs is often blue in color. Therefore, it is easy for a dermatologist or a doctor to diagnose the disease.
The treatment for plaque psoriasis is dependent on the severity of the affected areas and the patient’s condition. If the occurrence is diagnosed as mild then doctors normally prescribe topical medicines, such as ointments, gels, creams, etc. However, persons suffering from plaque psoriasis in the scalp region are advised to use shampoos and oils.
Diet regimen and exercise is also helpful. This is recommended along with strong medication when the disease is detected to be moderate or severe in nature. The medicines and treatments includes topical, oral, injections, phototherapy, and systemic. The topical medicines application varies from ointments, moisturizer, and salicylic acid to corticosteroids. When the patient has very stubborn plaques or patches, then topical medicines are the best alternative.
The affected parts of the body, scalp and face, treated with coal tar leaves a stinking smell as well as stains the wearing clothes. It is prudent to use this topical medicine at night by covering the coal tar applied areas with socks and clothes. In the morning, wash away the coal tar by using coal tar shampoo and leave it for at least ten minutes to get rid of the pungent smell. Thereafter you can use scented shampoo or conditioner to get rid of the foul smell.
Many people who are affected with plaque psoriasis are inclined to use topical ointments or creams with steroid blends. Doctors treating this disease also prescribe for strong topical ointments and creams with steroid, which when applied, help the patient to reduce the inflammation of the affected area. This ointments and cream are safe and has a positive effect on the damaged skin. However, the treating doctor should derive the potency of the topical medicines.
Moreover, calcipotriol cream, which is a compound obtained from vitamin D3 containing its basic and parental element, also applied in plaque psoriasis. Topical tacalcitol is also a similar medicines used in the treatment. This is strong topical medicine, which starts irritation of the skin but reduces the inflammation of the affected areas. Compounds derived from vitamin A such as Accutane and other retinoids are used along with therapy. Retinoids helps in regulating the cell production, bone tissues and helps in immune function.
UVA and UVB rays are also one of the effective and common treatments for plaque psoriasis. However, the patient is also advised by his/her doctor to expose the skin to the sunlight periodically in shot intervals. This sun therapy should be undertaken with proper guidance and monitoring by the doctor. The other types of ray treatments are UVB phototherapy, narrow-band UVB therapy and photochemotherapy. The exposure to such rays need direct supervision of an expert doctor.
Potent immunosuppressant drugs, which reduce the activation of the immune system, could have serious side effects and as such, they are not applied in general cases but in severe to very severe and recalcitrant cases of this type of psoriasis.
Plaque psoriasis treatment with remedies
People suffering from plaque psoriasis can treat their disease at home with the available means. The best plaque psoriasis treatment is baths with oatmeal or Epsom salt, which provides considerable relief to the damaged skin. It is necessary to keep the water in lukewarm temperature and restrict the uses of soaps, perfumes or any type of dyes. After the bath, it is essential to apply prescribed topical medicines or moisturizers that retain the dampness of the skin. Using moisturizers before sleep and wrapping the affected portions is also beneficial as it keeps the skin moist for a longer period. If you experience itching and inflammation, then apply creams which contains hydrocortisone or salicylic acid.
The properties of salicylic acid are to reduce the inflammation of the skin and stop further scaling. It helps in dissolving the dead skins that build up around the affected areas. It acts as an antiseptic as well as disinfectant. This property of the acid helps the affected skin with fungal growth and bacterial infection. The infection leads to itching and thus aggravates the propensity of plaque psoriasis. A very high form of diluted salicylic acid is used, that contains only three percent in the compound mixture, whose strength is reduced. This prevents skin irritation and reduces the inflamed area.
Diet regimen during plaque psoriasis
Choosing of diets during the period of suffering is highly desirable. The diet should be healthy, time bound, helpful for the disease and acceptable to the patient. The diet regimen may continue for a prolonged period or lifelong if plaque psoriasis recurs at periodic interval. Deviation of the regimen may aggravate the disease. Healthy food containing green vegetables and fruits along with proteins, if advised keeps the body healthy along with the skin. If the body is healthy then the immune system is perfect. When the immune system is perfect, no disease can attack easily.
Drinking coffee or other substances that contains caffeine and discarding intake of alcohol can assist is curing the disease. Avoid such foods, which create allergies in your body. The allergies result in itching and this aggravates the plaque psoriasis. Diet food does not imply restricted food intake but change in the food items with certain restrictions and allowances.
Moisturize the skin
Every doctor and their patients have opined that moisturizing is the best method to get relieve from the effects of plaque psoriasis. Moisturizing helps in softening the hard scales of the affected areas, this is removed with ease and keeps the skin soft. Topical medicine helps in building moisture content in the epidermis. Doctor prescribes topical medicines that helps creating a protective barrier to the skin and prevents the skin from getting dry.
Moisturizing helps in lessening the reddish hard growth of plaques in and around the skin. There are several topical medicines but you can also use body oils to upkeep the moisture level in the skin. It prevents the growth of scales.
To sum up, plaque psoriasis is a chronic disease and it is prudent as well as essential to take necessary preventive measures to reduce the inflammation, eat proper diet, adhere to regular exercises and have control over stress.
Filed under: Psoriasis